Overlapping/Transparency: By overlapping, you can create a sense of motion in the composition and by using transparency you can create depth.
Size Change: By making an object larger or smaller, it can take up more space or less space in the composition.
Linear Perspective: In order to give the illusion of depth and distance, objects are determined their placement by all of them going to back to a specific point on the horizon.
Atmospheric Perspective: Used to create depth and distance in a painting by changing the hue or distinctness of objects received, changing colors to light blueish gray color.
Vertical Location: When an object is perpendicular to the horizon.
Figure/Ground Relationships; Tendency to see some objects as well-defined against a less distinct background/less distinct other objects.
Conveying-Capturing Anticipated Movement: Capturing movement or anticipated movement In order to caption more emotion in a photo/composition. It can show motion.
Repeating: It can create a flow within the composition by using identical/similar themes.
Cropping: Can create how big or small the photo or composition is, creating more or less space.
Blurring: By making the whole photo/composition less distinct by blurring it, it can blur perhaps some objects together creating different space.
Fragmenting: This could be an incomplete or isolated part in the picture or perhaps fragments of other objects out together to make a whole.
Eliciting a Kinesthetic Response: Evoking a emotional/physical response by what is put into the composition.